what does the eu do

These investigations can involve interviews and inspection of premises. In practice, this means that the Member States delegate some of their decision-making powers to the shared institutions they have created, so that decisions on specific matters of common interest can be made democratically at EU level. It is not one of the EU's legislating institutions, so does not negotiate or adopt EU laws. Some of the additional policies and actions that help ensure that the EU meets its goals include. Big firms are barred from using their bargaining power to impose conditions that would make it difficult for their suppliers or customers to do business with their competitors. The EU is a political and economic union made up of 27 member states. They provide opinions on proposed legislative acts. The European Commission works with authorities and stakeholders in Member States to monitor and enforce the existing rules so that people and businesses can benefit from the opportunities offered by the single market. Deployment decisions are made jointly by national ministers from EU countries. In 2012, the EU was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for advancing the causes of peace, reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe. One result is the European Credit System for Vocational Education and Training and quality assurance network, which help people work and study abroad. Countries can only become a member of the EU if they fulfil the conditions for accession. The EU’s energy policies aim to ensure a secure, competitive and affordable supply of energy while meeting its climate targets. Economic and monetary union unites and integrates EU economies through coordinated economic and fiscal policies, a common monetary policy and a common currency, the euro. The political guidelines presented by President von der Leyen in July 2019 set six headline ambitions for Europe. The Commission can take Member States to court and ask for them to be fined if EU legislation is not implemented. The Creative Europe programme aims to strengthen Europe’s cultural and creative sectors and provide funding for around 3 700 cultural organisations, 250 000 artists and cultural professionals, over 7 000 cinemas and 2 800 films, and 4 500 book translations during its 7-year lifespan. Each Member State remains in charge of defining its own energy mix, but the coordination of rules at EU level provides a common approach that enhances the overall impact of measures and enables the EU to show global leadership in the fight against climate change. The EU's left-wing groups will be headed by Spanish trade unionist Nico Cue and Violeta Tomic (at left). The European Union is a unique economic and political union between 27 EU countries that together cover much of the continent. The EU and Turkey agreed in March 2016 that irregular migrants and asylum seekers arriving on the Greek islands from Turkey may be returned to Turkey. The EU is governed by the principle of representative democracy, with citizens directly represented at Union level in the European Parliament and Member States represented in the European Council and the Council of the EU. The open border allows the free flow of goods and people. As enshrined in the Treaty on European Union, ‘the Union is founded on the values of respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities. They do not have any individual decision-making powers, except when authorised in certain situations. The 7th EU environment action programme guides the EU’s environmental policy until 2020, and sets out a vision of where the EU should be by 2050. It makes its decisions without seeking or taking instructions from governments or other EU institutions. The EU has trade agreements in force with 72 partners around the world, such as the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement, which has abolished customs duties on 98% of products, saving EU businesses up to €590 million annually. As a member of the EU, UK citizens benefit from freedom of movement across the continent. • Completed export declaration on their country’s declaration system. The General Court procedure is similar, except that most cases are heard by three judges and there are no advocates general. The plan’s investments have supported the creation of 1.1 million jobs, a figure set to rise to 1.7 million by 2022. What does the EU do? The EU’s consumer policy ensures that people’s rights will be upheld if they encounter any problems when buying goods or services from other EU countries, including online. If you have ever wondered what exactly the European Union does and has done for you, here are just a few of the achievements so far. Since then, 22 other members joined and a huge single market (also known as the 'internal' market) has been created and continues to develop towards its full potential. The work on the positive agenda continued with the Commission’s White Paper on the Future of Europe in March 2017, offering five scenarios for what the EU could look like by 2025. The ministers meet several times a year to make decisions relating to the EU, though government officials have meetings all year round to discuss the policy details. As part of this, the Regulatory Fitness and Performance Programme (REFIT) identifies opportunities to reduce regulatory costs and simplify existing laws. Licensed rail companies can now offer their services anywhere in the EU, which enhances competition and connectivity. The European Health Insurance Card helps travellers obtain treatment if they fall ill while visiting another EU country, while EU law on cross-border healthcare sets out citizens’ rights when crossing borders for planned care. The EU also makes life easier for Europeans who study, work or get married in other EU countries by building bridges between the different national legal systems across the EU. Several institutions are involved in making decisions at EU level, in particular: The national parliaments of the Member States also play a role in taking decisions and making laws, as do two advisory bodies. maximise the benefits of the EU’s investment in space. The customs services also prevent illegal exports of waste, since protecting the environment is one of their key tasks. And in July 2018 Google was fined another €4.34 billion for imposing illegal restrictions on Android device manufacturers. This is usually done in the form of draft legislative proposals. As a result, companies have expanded their operations and competition has brought prices down and given consumers more choice. To achieve this, the European Commission presented the European Green Deal, the most ambitious package of measures that should enable European citizens and businesses to benefit from sustainable green transition. The prospect of membership is a key driver of transformation in the Western Balkans and helps to foster reconciliation and stability. Ensure that the declarant (EU Exporter) of your goods has done everything that they need to do to make sure they successfully pass through EU customs: • Have an EU EORI number from the relevant EU authority • Got any relevant Export/specialist goods licences/certificates. While progress has been made, 25 300 people still lost their lives in road accidents in 2017. To deliver new and more effective rights for citizens, the European Pillar of Social Rights enshrines principles and rights in the areas of equal opportunities on the labour market, fair working conditions and social protection. The global strategy set the following five priorities for EU action: The EU supports countries facing conflict and crisis. The EU has delivered more than half a century of peace, stability and prosperity, helped raise living standards and launched a single European currency: the euro. Your MEPs are your elected representatives in the EU and they represent your interests and those of your city or region in Europe. The Tartu Call for a Healthy Lifestyle (2017) includes a list of 15 actions to promote healthy lifestyles. The Commission also coordinates policymaking, research and reporting on a range of topics, from media literacy and digital distribution to cultural heritage preservation or culture in external relations. The European Parliament elections in 2019 and the extraordinary summit to discuss the future of Europe in Sibiu, Romania on 9 May 2019, provided the EU with the chance to renew its commitment to delivering on the issues that really matter to people. Small and medium-sized enterprises represent 99% of all businesses in the EU, providing two thirds of total private-sector employment. The EU strategy for education and training aims to meet the following objectives: Erasmus+, the EU programme for education, training, youth and sport, helps tackle youth unemployment by boosting young people’s personal development, skills and employability. In addition, the Horizon 2020 programme is investing €7.5 billion in health-related research and innovation, while the Connecting Europe Facility, the EU Structural Funds and the Investment Plan for Europe are investing in health infrastructure and the digitisation of healthcare. Citizens can also participate directly in the development of EU policies by calling on the European Commission to make a proposal on matters on which the EU has the competence to legislate. It has also imposed over 30 trade defence measures, protecting over 350 000 jobs. The result was the European Economic Community (EEC), created in 1958, and initially increasing economic cooperation between six countries: Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. More than 340 million EU citizens in 19 countries now use it as their currency and enjoy its benefits. The UK had free ports until 2012. The Youth Guarantee (€8.8 billion) supports youth employment by ensuring that all young people under 25 receive a good-quality, concrete offer of a job, apprenticeship, traineeship or continued education within 4 months of leaving formal education or becoming unemployed. After an investigation is concluded, OLAF recommends action to the EU institutions and national governments concerned: this usually includes launching criminal investigations, financial recoveries or other disciplinary measures. For some taxes, such as value added tax or excise duties on petrol, tobacco and alcohol, Member States have agreed to broadly align their rules and minimum rates to avoid unfair competition within the single market. It is also one of the key steps towards implementing the Paris Agreement and the EU’s agenda for sustainable development. Emergency relief to displaced people inside Syria and refugees in neighbouring countries. EURES, the European Job Mobility Portal, also helps connect jobseekers and companies offering a job. The proposal then passes to the whole Parliament, which votes on it (and further amendments) in plenary session. It follows a similar pattern to the first reading, but this time with the Parliament examining, and voting on, the changes proposed by Council, and then the Council considering what the Parliament proposes. The Commission fined the six companies a total of €3.8 billion. It is also known as the Council of the European Union. Institutional corruption, however, is not the only threat. While it is clear that no candidate is ready yet, in the future the Member States will be greater in number. The presidency of the Council rotates among the EU Member States every 6 months, and is responsible for chairing all Council meetings and setting the agendas. Most EU countries, and some non-EU countries, have taken away border controls between their countries. The EU focuses its actions on supporting Member States through: The European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation (Europol) brings Member States together to investigate cases of serious and organised crime. It also means building and strengthening democracy, human rights (including equality between women and men) and the rule of law. To buy and sell things to each other and Violeta Tomic ( at left ) Copenhagen. Two institutions do not stop at the heart of the major sectors of the world are on! Coordinate work in another country in Europe and the Council may do this alone since 1993, the common policy... And 2010 their health membership, including the Member States on preparedness saves up to seven euros that would spent! Are potential candidates not smuggled out a what does the eu do for EU businesses, employment... In neighbouring countries last amending treaty, the European Citizens’ initiative empowers citizens to their... 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