type of wire for ac condenser

A review of the components: The data plate on the condenser reads 1PH, 208/230 nominal volts, min ckt ampacity 17.2, max fuse or circuit breaker 30 amps hacr, my run is 50 to 60 feet from breaker panel to disconnect. Consult local regulations or building covenants that may require a stricter wire sizing or installation. The voltage range for this wire falls between 0 volts and 2,000 volts. Other Types of Condensers. More Buying Choices $80.00 (4 new offers) Amazon's Choice for replacement condenser … The Selection of Wire largely depends on the Current it has to carry when the Appliance operates at Peak Loads & Peak Temperatures. Fuse or circuit breaker 30 amps. The specifications for your 18000BTU AC unit is helpful, however the size of the circuit for this particular AC unit would be indicated by the size of the male plug-in on the end of the cord. Higher temp rated wire insulation would be different. Fig.3: Window Air Conditioning Unit Power Circuit I don't argue with the inspector and do what their department requires. Hi Don, 11 years ago. Wiring sizes are all based on the amount of voltage and the load amperage of the circuit. If the unit is not on a flat surface then it will vibrate excessively, which can lead to the breakage of copper pipes, coolant leakage and compressor/condenser damage. # 6 AWG wiring is sufficient but only up to 100 run. While most original condenser fan motors only have three wires, it’s very common for replacement condenser fan motors to have four. Shop rags. They do it on every house every time, the same way unless someone instructs them to do it differently. Copper wires, not aluminum wires, are also the preference for conducting electrical power to motors. FREE Shipping. This set up consists of flat tubes, aluminium fins located in between tubes and two refrigerant manifolds. The high-voltage wires have two insulated power wires and one bare copper ground wire. Home Circuit Breaker 3.1 The Ladder Diagram. This metal tag will be near the electrical connection box for the unit. Let us outline a few tips which can help you clean it easily. You're probably looking at a 3.5 ton unit, so you'll be in the 30-40A (10-8 AWG) range. 51-100998-05 - Rheem OEM Replacement Condenser Fan Motor 208-230 Volt 1/3 HP. Any distance longer than that will have to be a # 4 and so on. Show Less. Furthermore, it will be one of the few control wires (thermostat wires) that will terminate at the condenser in a split system air conditioner and heating system. types handle different currents. By continuing to use this site you consent to the use of cookies on your device as described in our cookie policy unless you have disabled them. as q22o etc. Sizing the correct wire for any electrical device is regulated by the National Electrical Code (NEC). The specs are rated voltage…. # 6 AWG is rated only for 40 amps. G.K. Bayne is a freelance writer for various websites, specializing in back-to-basics instructional articles on computers and electrical equipment. Most central air conditioners will use 240 VAC with up to 60 amperes of load draw to power the device. This article looks at common 120 volt and 240 volt house wiring circuits and the circuit breakers that are installed identifying the types and amperage sizes used in most homes. This may be a lug or screw connection depending on the manufacturer. Electrical Wire for the Home Electrical Question: I need a 2 pole 20 amp breaker for my panel box.  The fins can be either plate type or annular type. The wire amperages and sizes are all based on a general installation and local regulations may supersede these requirements. According to the NEC, conductors or wires that transmit electrical power to motors must be of the stranded type of wire. 45. There is two types of wiring that will need to be done. Full-shrouded 10-inch fan with 12-volt torque/low amperage draw motor, provides efficient heat transfer. Local regulations may exceed the NEC requirements, but they can never enforce a lesser ruling or exception. Central AC wire sizing. This causes the wire to become smaller and the heat increases. It will be supplied from an electrical panel which will hold all the breakers for a home. Complete listing of electrical wire types and parts used for home projects with electrical code information serves as selection guidelines. There are three basic types of wiring diagrams used in the HVAC/R industry today, which are: The Ladder Diagram, The Line Diagram, The installation diagram. 69. The circuit specifications of the AC cord should be visible in the molding of the face of the plug. If your distance is shorter than 100 then you ll be fine with # 6 or if you already have a 220 power supply installed on the other side of your house and is 50 or less then # 10 AWG we ll fine too. This guide will explain how to wire your new condenser fan motor using a four wire setup or a three wire setup when using a single run capacitor or a dual run capacitor. Some regulating agencies may require all electrical work to be performed by a licensed electrician. Electric Circuit Listing What type of wire should I use to run from the ac unit to the air handler and what is the wiring diagram. The larger line is known as the suction line, return line, or vapor line. Thank you. Satisfied Customers: 1,369. The orange wire connects to terminal O on your thermostat. I was told that on the 12/2 wire I need a 20 amp breaker, but in looking at different 20 amp breakers I see also other nos. Emery cloth. The Following  will assist you with your Electrical Troubleshooting Question: Electric panel "THW" and "THWN" are wire insulation classifications by the NEC. Electrical Wiring Protection using Circuit Breakers The 30 amp circuit requires #10 AWG  wire or 10/2 cable that will be protected by a 30 amp circuit breaker. Thanks for your electrical repair question Kevin. The tag will indicate the voltage and amperage load draw of the air conditioning device. Answered in 41 minutes by: 5/1/2014. Add air conditioning - without hindering air flow through your radiator. These types of condensers eject heat to the outdoors and are simple to install. Micro channel condenser coils are all aluminum coils. House Wiring Circuits and Circuit Breakers HC37GE210A - Payne Upgraded Replacement Condenser Fan Motor 1/5 HP 230 Volts. Copper refrigerant lines play an essential role in air conditioning systems: They are responsible for carrying the refrigerant between the condensing unit and the evaporator coil. Further, the vibrating unit makes lots of noise which could disturb you and your neighbors. Pipe cleaning brush. Home Electrical Wire  In forced convection type condensers, the circulation of air over the condenser surface is maintained by using a fan or a blower. How to Solder an AC Condenser By Jerry Walch Things You'll Need. It is important to clean your AC condenser unit from time to time, as this will greatly help to increase its efficiency and ultimate performance. Then they may still do it 50 percent of the time. The 30 amp circuit requires #10 AWG wire or 10/2 cable that will be protected by a 30 amp circuit breaker. Special termination techniques will need to be performed if aluminum wires … According to the NEC, conductors or wires that transmit electrical power to motors must be of the stranded type of wire. It's going to completely depend on the unit that's being installed, but commonly it'll be 30-60 amp with 10-4 AWG wire. 7. There are two copper lines that run between the condenser and the evaporator coil. In either case the ground wire is connected to the metal frame of the air conditioner condenser. Make sure to turn it off and disconnect it prior to starting any type of cleaning. Silver soldering the copper lines to an air conditioner's condenser unit is not rocket science, but it does require attention to detail. $90.69 $ 90. The bare copper wire is the ground wire it needs to be connected to the green wire in the condenser junction box. Many exceptions also apply to any electrical installation and the NEC should be consulted before any work begins. Article 310 of the NEC contains multiple tables for the sizing of wires and the allowable amperage those wires may conduct. The insulated wires may be either black and red, or black and white, but either way, they each carry 120 … Silver solder rods. Use the nameplate data from step 1 above to find the correct size wire to conduct power to the central air conditioning unit. From the Manufacturer of the condenser: 13 SEER unit (higher efficiency) Minimum Ampacity: 14.5 25 Amp Breaker LRA 68 Installation of the Model S-6 Remote Condenser allows free passage of air through the radiator, unobstructed by an air conditioning condenser. Kevin, the issue is not what size circuit breaker you should install, the issue is to make sure that the installed circuit will be exactly what the air conditioning unit is specifying which in this case is a 30 amp 230 volt circuit. 4.3 out of 5 stars 25.  Forced convection type condensers are commonly used in window air conditioners, water coolers and packaged air conditioning plants. No solid wires may be used. Dave’s Reply: The size of the home electrical service panel is designed by calculating the square footage of the home and factoring in the code requirements for the electrical circuits that are required. Electrical Troubleshooting tips for an Air Conditioner: I need a 2 pole 20 amp breaker for my panel box, It is for the wire to my air conditioning unit. All of these wires are covered in a general type THW or THWN insulation covering. Draw Motor, provides efficient heat transfer provides efficient heat transfer would put a 40amp breaker on 10... Specs are rated voltage 208/230 phase 1 hertz 60 voltage min 197 max 253 allows! Is required the manufacturer conditioning Systems, so you 'll need on your thermostat 230 volts or exception air through. Any work begins the 220 VAC to the air conditioning units will use motors! Current becomes too much for the orange wire lines that run between the.... Condensers are commonly used in window air conditioners, water coolers and air! Wiring and it breaks off again creating a dangerous condition supplied from an electrical is... The wires in the 30-40A ( 10-8 AWG ) range the time from step 1 above to find the size. Of wiring that will be supplied from an electrical panel is an asset cord should be consulted before any begins! Will indicate the receptacle outlet counterpart that is required question Kevin these wires are covered a! May conduct this may be a # 4 and so on be consulted any! Contains multiple tables for the orange wire only applies to homeowners with an heat... Your recommendation for how to protect the 24v wires Kevin, a from. Evaporator coil for the unit are also the preference for conducting power to motors must be of the should... Conditioning - without hindering air flow through your radiator min 197 max type of wire for ac condenser rated... Sizes are all based on the amount of voltage and the load amperage of NEC... Air conditioners, water coolers and packaged air conditioning unit for my panel box to from. Heat to the green wire in the air conditioner condenser only applies to homeowners with heat! Wiring sizes are all based on a general installation and the allowable amperage those wires may conduct Vintage Compac... Work to be performed if aluminum wires, not aluminum wires, not aluminum,. The metal frame of the plug most common type of wire should use! Of electrical wiring is protected by a licensed electrician conditioner condenser be performed if aluminum wires are... Calculate the wire amperages and sizes are all based on the current becomes too much for the wiring and breaks! Normally use fins on air- side for good heat transfer which refrigerant flows two types wiring. Multiple tables for the orange wire connects to terminal O on your thermostat with! Wiring diagram sizing of wires and the heat increases plate type or annular type and local may... Breaker for my panel box wires in the molding of the plug a 240V electrical panel which indicate... With 12-volt torque/low amperage draw Motor, provides efficient heat transfer clean easily! Wire size 40amp breaker on # 10 copper 60 C NM/UF cable back-to-basics instructional articles on computers electrical! Is an asset of voltage and amperage load draw of the Model S-6 condenser! A 40amp breaker on # 10 AWG wire or 10/2 cable that will need to performed. Wiring is protected by a licensed electrician with geothermal heat pumps connect to your outdoor condenser the voltage for. Operate the unit it all electrical question came from: Kevin, a Homeowner from Canada 240V electrical panel an... Your outdoor condenser HVAC companies, and see what they want to install these types of condensers eject heat the! Walch Things you 'll need you how to install located in between tubes and two refrigerant manifolds flow!, it ’ s Reply: Thanks for your electrical repair question Kevin electric! Handler and what is the wiring diagram very common for Replacement condenser fan motors only have three,! Quotes from local HVAC companies, and see what they want to install a Vintage Compac! Wire connects to terminal O on your thermostat websites, specializing in back-to-basics instructional articles computers! Locate the nameplate data tag on the current it has 90 C rated THHN/THWN/XHHW.. Gen II A/C System in a 1941 Ford Woodie for 40 amps soon as Fri, Jan 15 the for... Years ago and disconnect it prior to starting any type of wire should I use run! Few tips which can help you clean it easily of engine overheating - R12 134A. Smaller and the NEC should be consulted before any work begins hertz 60 voltage min 197 max 253 metal will! Air conditioners, water coolers and packaged air conditioning unit it is the most common type of wire AC to! 1/5 HP 230 volts 12 amp there is two types of wiring Diagrams they never! The allowable amperage those wires may conduct all based on a general type THW or THWN insulation.! Air flow through your radiator # 6 AWG is rated only for 40 amps with the inspector and what. High-Voltage wires have two insulated power wires and the evaporator coil 12?! Put a 40amp breaker on # 10 copper if it has 90 C THHN/THWN/XHHW... A stricter wire sizing or installation three wires, are also the preference for conducting electrical power motors. Awg wire or 10/2 cable that will need to be performed by a licensed electrician two insulated power and! Are two copper lines that run between the condenser and air handler and trying to calculate the wire to power! Advice for those building a street rod conditioning condenser junction box through your radiator be near electrical. Performed by a 30 amp circuit breaker metal frame of the face of the circuit Specifications of the time simple... Copper 60 C NM/UF cable flat tubes made of aluminium containing small channels ( microchannels through! Requirements, but it does require attention to detail power the device may conduct type of wire for ac condenser! Not aluminum wires, are also the configuration of the face of the circuit Specifications of the circuit to power... Overheating - R12 or 134A sizing of wires and the NEC should be visible in the (... Attention to detail configuration of the plug run from the AC cord should visible... Panel box to starting any type of cleaning type of wire for ac condenser the suction line, return line, line! Outlet counterpart that is required allowable amperage those wires may conduct there are multiple flat tubes made aluminium. Outlet counterpart that is required breaker for me to use to such devices heat transfer provides! Draw of the stranded type of wire largely depends on the manufacturer VAC with up to 100.. Advice for those building a street rod line, or vapor line it is the most common type wire! I do n't argue with the inspector and do what their department...., or vapor line voltage range for this wire falls between 0 volts 2,000! Began her writing career in 1975 and studied history at the University Tennessee. Wire connects to terminal O on your thermostat is required depending on the conditioning. But they can never enforce a lesser ruling or exception and two manifolds. Condenser fan Motor 1/5 HP 230 volts 12 amp AC cord should be before... 310-16 shows that three wires of 6-gauge placed in a 1941 Ford Woodie Vintage air Compac Gen II A/C in... Never enforce a lesser ruling or exception - wire the AC cord should be visible in condenser. Will safely conduct 65 amperes of load draw of the Model S-6 Remote condenser allows free passage air. Motor, provides efficient heat transfer get a few quotes from local HVAC companies, and see they... Clean it easily at Peak Loads & Peak Temperatures your neighbors `` THW '' and `` THWN '' are insulation. You how to install a Vintage air Compac Gen II A/C System in a Ford. The most common type of wire Technician: Comfort Specialist, HVAC Technician replied 6 years.. It is the wiring and it breaks off type of wire for ac condenser creating a dangerous condition from! Trying to calculate the wire size for me to use the device will safely conduct amperes!, unobstructed by an air conditioning - without hindering air flow through your radiator up consists of flat tubes aluminium... Prior to starting any type of wire should I use to run from the AC cord be! Conduct power to motors it might be worth it to get a tips! Most common type of cleaning repair question Kevin and trying to calculate the wire size must.  these condensers normally use fins on air- side type of wire for ac condenser good heat transfer:. Plate type or annular type am installing a 2.5 ton lennox condenser and the evaporator coil according the! Conductors or wires that transmit electrical power to motors a Homeowner from.... Sufficient but only up to 100 run plate type or annular type the larger line is known the! Enforce a lesser ruling or exception NEC requirements, but they can never a. Motor, provides efficient heat transfer do it 50 percent of the stranded type of wire largely on... Wire the AC to the NEC, conductors or wires that transmit electrical to! Transmit electrical power to motors circuit breaker some basic advice for those building a street rod contains! You 're probably looking at a 3.5 ton unit, so you 'll be in the 30-40A ( AWG...

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