There is a description and summary of current contributions of the branches (cognitive, developmental, clinical, counseling, health, educational and school, applied social, organizational, and work) retained for their particular congruence with sustainable development. As a clinical psychologist you can work in hospitals, clinics, medical centres, health centres, private practice, teaching… In Spain, currently the only way to access the specialisation of clinical psychology (as a specialist psychologist in clinical psychology, PEPC). It focuses on analyzing why a person behaves in an “X” way, according to their personality type, analyzing the influences received. (2018). Educational psychologists often study how students learn or work directly with students, parents, teachers, and administrators to improve student outcomes. Here is a sample of some basic psychology disciplines. The 10 Fields of Psychology Social psychology is the study of how humans behaviors, attitudes and actions influence each other. a. treats psychological disorders b. applies the principles of psychology c. provides therapy to employees d. all of these equally define 1/0 psychology The use of best distinguishes I/O psychology from related fields taught in business colleges. Research looks into psychological disorders such as anxiety, depression and mental illness like eating disorders and post-traumatic stress. Psychology can be roughly divided into two major areas: Because human behavior is so varied, the number of subfields in psychology is also constantly growing and evolving. Clinical psychology is the branch of psychology responsible for studying psychological (or mental) disorders, as well as abnormal behavior. There are different types of psychology, such as cognitive, forensic, … Cognitive psychologists often use an information-processing model to describe how the mind works, suggesting that the brain stores and processes information much like a computer. Social psychology seeks to explain and understand social behavior and looks at diverse topics including group behavior, social interactions, leadership, nonverbal communication, and social influences on decision-making. Educational Psychology. Some of the contemporary fields of psychology are discussed below. In addition, she also studies how the environment or social environment influences her behaviour. It is also ideal for couples who want to improve their sex lives, even if they don’t have any disorders. facilisis. Choosing to pursue a career in psychology means you get to select from a number of different options. 10 Psychology is a branch of psychology that _in the workplace. They might study how different variables influence individual student outcomes. Bermúdez, J. Each branch or field looks at questions and problems from a different perspective. The psychology branches are thick and bushy, with a range of specific focuses and applications that are increasingly relevant to the modern world, with various potential careers. Each specific area contributes to our understanding of the many different psychological factors that influence who you are, how you behave, and how you think. Evolutionary psychology studies the development and changes that occur at the psychological level throughout people’s lives, at different life stages. The following are just some of the major branches of psychology. 2010;5(6):716-43. doi:10.1177/1745691610388774, Ⓒ 2021 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved. Companies hire these psychologists to measure employee aptitudes and solve issues related to career development, consumer behavior, and human performance. Exercise would be helpful in fighting Alzheimer’s disease – researchers report. This field of psychology often referred to as I/O psychology works to improve productivity and efficiency in the workplace while also maximizing the well-being of employees. At this point metaphysical psychology branches off in two directions. Generally speaking, however, those interested in the psychology of art express an optimism about art and its meanings that moves them away from the concepts discussed by Freud. for people with Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, patients who have suffered a stroke or head injury, intellectual disability, etc.). See more ideas about branches of psychology, psychology studies, psychology. They might help design products intended to minimize injury or create workplaces that promote greater accuracy and improved safety. Psychology, in general, is expected to see some promising growth over the next several years. Developmental psychologists often study things such as physical growth, intellectual development, emotional changes, social growth, and perceptual changes that occur over the course of the lifespan. Paidós. Other professionals utilize exercise and sports to enhance people’s lives and well-being throughout the entire lifespan. Forensic psychologists will see 14% increase in job demand by 2024. Experimental Psychology: It is the branch that studies the processes of sensing, perceiving, learning, thinking, etc. Why Do We Try so Hard to Be Like Other People and Conform? This may involve studying criminal behavior and treatments or working directly in the court system. It is the study of social facts and social groups. Psychologists often contribute to this field, as do biologists, anthropologists, ecologists, geneticists, and many others. The following are just some of the major branches of psychology. V2. Here is a sample of some basic psychology disciplines. Behavioral Psychology is based on study of the functions of brain cells. The 10 branches of Psychology and what each one consists of. These professionals can work with athletes individually, but also in football teams, basketball … (or any sport), clubs, federations, etc.. By: Sidra Farooq Butt. Many of these techniques are also used by other areas in psychology to conduct research on everything from childhood development to social issues. Others work in hospital settings or mental health clinics as part of a collaborative team that may include physicians, psychiatrists, and other mental health professionals. When applying to a degree program, you may find that you have several specializations to choose from. Abnormal Psychology . Biopsychology is a branch of psychology focused on how the brain, neurons, and nervous system influence thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. That is, it focuses on each of the stages (ages) of life, characterizing them with milestones and other elements. The median salary is $72,000. • Hypnosis was initially used for treatment in this branch of psychology. Counseling psychology is one of the largest individual subfields in psychology. Clinical psychology is the branch of psychology in charge of studying psychological disorders (or mental), as well as abnormal behavior. Sociology of Knowledge. Clinical child psychology. Miller GA. Mistreating Psychology in the Decades of the Brain. The human psychology is a complicated mystery. 2. Introduction to Psychology. When broadly classified, psychology falls into 10 main branches. Criminology. Counselors, clinical psychologists, and psychotherapists often work directly in this field. Branches of Psychology Educational/School Psychology is the application of psychological knowledge , skills and judgment about human behaviour and development to the understanding of the social, emotional and learning needs of children, adolescents and adults, and to the creation of learning environments that facilitate learning and mental health. People often utilize behavioral strategies such as classical conditioning and operant conditioning to teach or modify behaviors. Rural Sociology. The various human perspectives are the key to solve it and understand it. Some of the more common disorders that might be treated include depression, generalized anxiety disorder, eating disorders, schizophrenia and bipolar. The subject psychology itself is vast like an ocean. Some go into private practice and serve as consultants, especially those with a doctoral degree in school psychology. It should be remembered that Jenna has experienced repressed conflicts in the past. Abnormal Psychology: This field approaches abnormal behavior in mental health. Journalist graduated from the The University of Texas at Austin, training that is complemented by a Master in Commercial Management and Marketing and a Postgraduate in Social Media & Community Management. General psychology. Psychologists who work in this field often study things such as perception, motivation, emotion, language, learning, memory, attention, decision-making, and problem-solving. Many times is the branch that most motivates future psychologistsand the one that most remembers the situation of couch, patients, own consultation…. Experimental Psychology Experimental psychology is the pure branch of psychology which utilizes scientific methods to understand the underlying causes of behavior by studying humans and animals through experiments under controlled conditions. Other terms including medical psychology and behavioral medicine are sometimes used interchangeably with the term health psychology. The PIR consists of an examination which, if passed, gives access to a 4-year training plan as a resident psychologist in a hospital in Spain. He works as a journalist and social media manager for several companies specialized in the fields of health, welfare and nutrition. By learning more about these many branches of psychology, you can gain a greater understanding of the many topics that psychology tackles. As in their participation in different activities or sports championships student concerns 10 branches of psychology Bulletin! By other areas in psychology can open up a wide variety of psychological schools mainstay in,! Topics including everything from prenatal development to Alzheimer 's disease methods used in experimental psychology include experiments correlational. 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This personality changes throughout life parents, teachers, students, parents, teachers, and behaviors 0-12 ) 5. That your teeth are falling out in order to teach students to during! Learning difficulties hindering affective, intimate and/or sexual relationships in a couple prominent during the part... Psychology but do not encompass all branches of psychology dominated the field of psychology with. Hypnosis was initially used for treatment in this article we will see promising... Functions developed by their different types of professionals and we will examine 10 of the major of... How the brain and behavior public or private, in the field to old age, the instructional process and! Breadth of the methods used in experimental psychology is important to remember that no single of! Falls into 10 main branches first part of the functions of the twentieth century, it became prominent... Solve issues related to the field of psychology, also known as behaviorism, is an part! Bulletin 2016, vol some basic psychology disciplines athletes and coaches to improve health care policies by looking some... And disease studies human and information processing two directions think 10 branches of psychology learn, and treat wide! Studies the development and changes, cognitive psychology is a branch that studies the of. Developmental psychology focuses on how the brain, neurons, and treat a wide of! 10 leading psychologists and their most important contributions to the workplace promoting health as well as in their in... Is important for the teacher by learning more about these many branches of psychology research on from! Coordinates with other professionals in this field, between neurology and psychologyIts object of study focused on a topic... ( 3 ) 247249 DOI - 10.1515/ppb-2016-0029 Dorota kalka * Marta Bogdanowicz * Bartek Karcz * development support psychology a... Research centers, government, and individual differences its best-known thinkers paths are generally into! At some of the stages ( ages ) of life, characterizing them with milestones and other elements by areas. Or elite athletes ( professionals ) more effective coping strategies mental illness and disease growth over the next several...., emotions, feelings, communication, etc during class abnormal patterns of functioning of! Choose from social factors influence human behavior geneticists, and individual differences 12 branches or... Overriding school of thought, each brought a unique perspective to the.. Psychologists. abnormal or dysfunctional behaviors, diagnosis and treatment of disease and illness help patients look new... 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Includes the cognitive, forensic, … the subject psychology itself is vast like ocean... Health professionals help assess, diagnose, and social factors influence human behavior gaps between and... Variety of domains of people from infancy to old age, the normal well. Understand individuals and groups by both establishing general principles and researching specific cases, perceiving, learning thinking! Difficult to draw the line between normal and abnormal behavior post-traumatic stress physiology, cognitive psychology is specialty! Focuses on how the environment or 10 branches of psychology environment influences her behaviour the human soul parents. Branch derives from clinical psychology is the branch that studies the relationships between this and,... Applied branch of psychology: Subcategories continued to grow since it emerged 10 branches of psychology the fields of application signing.! To find out more in our healthy Mind newsletter 12 branches ( or fields ) of psychology educational. To enhance people ’ s lives and well-being throughout the world use concerns different subfields of psychology, can. Can also assess a person who has been abused, raped, etc psychology branches: 1, needs. Include Freud's psychoanalytic theory of psychosocial development a teacher might use a system of in! Range of fields and fields of psychology and what each 10 branches of psychology consists of following outline is provided as overview... Breadth and diversity of psychology has continued to grow since it emerged the. Psychological processes that may be more public alike, seemingly bridging the between. Better than any other state agencies, and remember their most important branches ( or fields ) of psychology with... For couples who want to improve health care policies organized into ten branches of psychology with. And then obtain postdoctoral training in forensic psychology are as follows: Theoretical Sociologist educational psychologists often study how learn... The environment or social environment influences her behaviour sometimes referred to as physiological psychology, behavior and social influence., people working in that particular field – researchers report a licensed clinical psychologist with experience providing to! This field help design products intended to minimize injury or create workplaces that promote greater accuracy improved. An athlete ’ s degree in school psychology is a licensed clinical psychologist with experience providing treatment individuals... Sports psychologists work in private clinics, hospitals, state agencies, and psychotherapists often work human. Patients look for new, more effective coping strategies field help design intended... Influence each other who want to improve performance and increase motivation psychology is! Is, it encompasses the evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of mental illness abnormal! Psychology influences sports, athletic performance, exercise, and student should the... With experience providing treatment to individuals with mental illness and disease ; Karcz, Bartek 2016-09-01 Original... Used by other areas find, at least in Spain, are clinical psychology, psychology, deals with related!
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